2019 CSCE Annual Conference - Laval (Greater Montreal) Conference
Dr. Adel Francis, ETS
The use of emerging technologies in the construction industry has the potential to help managers and contractors track the work progress of construction sites. Combined with scheduling methods based on space planning, these technologies could help the stabilization of workflows, ensure better use of available space, a smoother flow of traffic and a reduction of conflicts on construction sites. The purpose is to optimize construction operations and to improve the stagnant productivity in this industry. Technologies such as 360o pictures and videos, laser scans, photogrammetry, LiDAR, barcodes, RFID and augmented reality could have a significant impact in achieving these goals. The purpose of this paper is to study and evaluate the existing technologies and their usefulness for optimizing the occupancy rate on construction sites. Following analyses based on case studies, six evaluation criteria were retained: mobility and portability of systems, the impact of the interventions on work, the speed of the measurements, the quality of the obtained results, the ease of extracting information from the data collected, and the maturity levels of these technologies. Finally, an analysis and ranking are presented in order to measure the suitability of these technologies based on the predefined evaluation criteria.