2019 CSCE Annual Conference - Laval (Greater Montreal)

2019 CSCE Annual Conference - Laval (Greater Montreal) Conference

A Fund-Allocation Optimization Framework for Prioritizing Historic Structures’ Conservation Projects - An Application to Historic Cairo

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Ms. Dina Saad, Cairo University (Presenter)
Dr. Ahmed Elyamani, Cairo University
Dr. Maha Hassan, Cairo University
Dr. Sherif Mourad, Cairo University

Egypt is famous for its cultural heritage and historic attractions that span thousands of years. This cultural heritage is one of the tourism industry motors which contributes significantly to the country’s gross domestic product (GDP). Historic Cairo has been declared as a UNESCO World Heritage Site for having hundreds of mesmerizing historic Islamic and Coptic structures; however, tourism-revenues are quite small relative to the ones generated from the famous red sea resorts and Luxor and Aswan ancient sites. This is because most of these structures are partially or completely closed due to the need for restoration and/or their poor structural condition. However, conserving these structures is quite challenging due to its complexity, lack of funds for restoring hundreds of historic structures, and lack of structured funding system. Therefore, this paper proposes a framework for a new multi-objective optimization model that prioritizes competing historic structures for the limited funding available while maximizing the structural physical performance and the socioeconomic benefits over a specified planning horizon, considering: the expected deterioration behavior over the funding period, vulnerabilities to further damage, costs associated with the conservation method, and the structure’s relative importance in terms of its value. In essence, the new model will help decision makers determine the optimum restoration plan to open the deteriorated historic structures to the public, and thus increase tourism-based revenue generating streams to rejuvenate the tourism sector in Historic Cairo, and have a positive impact on Egypt’s economy.