2019 CSCE Annual Conference - Laval (Greater Montreal) Conference
Mr. Timothy Young, Carleton University
Mr. Ian Hall, Carleton University
Mr. Sam Veitch, Carleton University
Ms. Bailey Jones, Carleton University
Mr. Omar ElGergawy, Carleton University (Presenter)
The technology of connected autonomous vehicle has progressed well and shared autonomous vehicles (SAVs) are undergoing real world demonstrations around the world. The SAVs can serve a number of market niches, including shuttle, first-mile, and last-mile services. In general, there are many potential benefits to travelers such as reducing the need to own a vehicle as well as to the society at large. The on-demand service feature is an innovation that enhances accessibility and convenience of travelers. The electrification of such vehicles offers benefits such as reducing emissions and lowering maintenance costs. There are also many challenges associated with electrification, including the need for battery charging and the development of battery changing infrastructure. This paper will cover planning and design requirements for specialized shuttle services to major medical facilities that also serve the first-mile and last-mile requirements for travelers who use the LRT service. Specifically, the planning and design of a shared autonomous vehicle shuttle system that will link the Symth Road Medical Campus with the Hurdman Light Rail Transit (LRT) station in Ottawa (a distance of about 5 kms). The shuttle system will use a major arterial road, a collector road, and several local roads. Since a major LRT station is to be connected with generators of demand, this system serves as an example of a first-mile and last-mile service. The shuttle is intended to integrate service concepts of scheduled and on-demand systems. The paper consists of five parts. The first part serves as a background to the technology and service characteristics of SAVs. The second part defines the demand and service supply interaction on a temporal as well as a spatial basis. Analyses are presented on vehicle sizes that are suitable for this service. The third part describes the system design activities, including stations and battery charging facility. In the fourth part, benefits of connecting an LRT station and a medical campus with SAV shuttle are highlighted. Finally, in part five conclusions are presented.