2019 CSCE Annual Conference - Laval (Greater Montreal) Conference
Dr. Mohamed N. Abou-Zeid, The American University in Cairo
Mr. Alan Plattus, Yale University
A proposed Assessment Scheme For Smart Sustainable Urban Development
Ilham Elfiky*, Mohamed Nagib AbouZeid*, Alan Plattus**
*The American University in Cairo **Yale University, the USA
The twenty-one century belongs to the cities. For the first time in history, more than 50% of the world’s population now lives in a city and the urban population is expected to double by 2050. Cities are increasingly seen as the engines of sustainable development and the shift to low carbon economy. The growth of cities in the twenty- one century should depend on sustainable cities approach that utilizes Information and Communication Technology (ICT). The opportunities created by new technologies challenge the way in which we conceive our cities.
The current large gap between smart city and sustainable city frameworks implies that there is a need for developing their frameworks further or re-defining the smart sustainable city concept. Furthermore, standards like BREEAM or LEED does not cover all the topics behind the Smart Sustainable City concept. This paper provides a foundation for developing a framework for the planning of a Sustainable Smart City based on rigorous criteria and sub-criteria. This framework will be used to assess the smart sustainable urban development of the new administrative capital of Egypt, one of the most ambitious and important urban development projects at present in Egypt.
A qualitative methodology has been applied through a systematic review of the literature, aimed at sustainable development of smart cities which examines the terms, ‘smart city’ and ‘sustainability. Furthermore, the criteria have been selected according to international standards via ISO37120 and the International Telecommunication Union (ITU), the collective methodology for each indicator has been explained. In addition, panel discussions and direct interviews have been conducted in collaboration with the Yale Urban Design Workshop (YADW). This practice-based multi-disciplinary environment has allowed the interaction with other students and faculty for assessment of each criterion bringing together the natural behavioral and social sciences with engineering to articulate a holistic approach that is essential for our study.
Debates about environmental challenges are often hindered by lack of problem definition, uncertainty about the nature of these challenges, and ill-defined solutions. Gathering data into the recommended proposed framework helps to resolve these difficulties. City assessment tools can be used as support for decision making in urban development as they provide assessment methodologies for cities to show the progress towards defined targets.