2019 CSCE Annual Conference - Laval (Greater Montreal)

2019 CSCE Annual Conference - Laval (Greater Montreal) Conference

The Implementation of Building Information Modeling (BIM) Towards Sustainable Construction Industry

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Ms. Amira E. Mohamed, The American University in Cairo, AUC
Dr. Mohamed N. Abou-Zeid, The American University in Cairo (Presenter)

Global environmental changes, energy consumption, and the scarcity of water have all imposed the need to implement sustainable development strategies worldwide. The construction industry and its healthy practices are not exception, as it should take more strides to alleviate harmful impacts of unsustainable construction practices on the built environment. Sustainable construction has many aspects such as passive design, selection of the appropriate materials and construction techniques, energy efficient systems, and water conservation.

The construction industry is a multi-disciplinary industry that includes all the built environment elements like infrastructure, workspaces, housing, utilities, and transportation. Also, the construction sector has a high economic impact and serious environmental and social concerns.

The significant contribution of the industry on the built environment is urging the Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) professionals to convert current conventional construction approaches into more sustainable ones. One of the useful in this regard is to capitalize on an innovative technological means to narrow the gap and advance the sustainable green construction mission. Building Information Modeling (BIM) is a relatively recent technology within the construction industry that, when properly introduced, can help in providing adequate project quality, accurate time and quantity take-offs schedules, and project costs reduction. For instance, this tool can result in more efficient design practices, which contribute to reducing waste generation, energy consumption and promote passive design strategies.

This study aims at analyzing the impact of BIM implementation on the sustainable construction practices and assessing current BIM implementation trends during the design process phase in the AEC industry. In principle, the study tackles BIM adoption situation factors of influence, barriers, and opportunities confronting its implementation within consultancy firms. Building on the literature review, this study discusses the sustainable design and constructability concepts in the construction industry and how BIM can be effectively utilized the pre-construction phase. Furthermore, the study describes the BIM implementation obstacles, success factors, and the role of government and other stakeholders in adopting BIM for achieving sustainable construction industry. In addition, interviews were conducted with BIM experts to investigate the BIM implementation situation in the Egyptian consultancy firms and the needed actions for successful BIM adoption strategies that can be applicable for the Egyptian construction market and other markets worldwide.

Key words: Sustainable development, Building Information Modeling, (BIM), BIM adoption strategies, Sustainable Strategies, Benefits, Risks and Challenges.