2015 CSCE Annual Conference Regina - Building on our Growth Opportunities

2015 CSCE Annual Conference Regina - Building on our Growth Opportunities Conference

Augmented and Virtual Reality in Combination with Unmanned Aerial Vehicles: A Literature Review

Mr. Laird Ferguson, University of New Brunswick (Presenter)
Dr. Lloyd Waugh, UNB

Augmented and Virtual reality technology has grown rapidly in recent years, as well as the application of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) in civil engineering. The documentation of projects delivers wide spread benefits and the addition of aerial images to current documentation processes has potential. The potential in aerial documentation initiated the authors to conduct a literature review on UAVs and how they may be integrated with augmented and virtual realty interfaces.  This article will focus on the state of the art application of UAVs to capture aerial images in various civil engineering fields such as construction management and transportation. The current civil engineering use of UAV aerial images consist of creating 3D models and point clouds, simple data collection, surveying, monitoring, construction safety, and more. VRDoc, D4AR, and VIRCON are interfaces that can provide up to date documentation of a project. VRDoc provides users the ability to complete virtual site visits, detailed photographic documentation, the opportunity to resolve project conflicts, and training opportunities. All of the interfaces have shown great success in industry applications and further improvements, testing, and implementation are required. Related studies have developed frameworks and methodologies for testing and development of augmented and virtual models. Experimental methodology of quasi-experimental designs are common for studies that do not have full control of all variables in the experiment, therefore making it an appropriate methodology in a construction setting. With a developed methodology the authors will pursue further research into UAV applications with augmented and virtual reality interfaces.