2015 CSCE Annual Conference Regina - Building on our Growth Opportunities

2015 CSCE Annual Conference Regina - Building on our Growth Opportunities Conference

A Large Scale Field Test for Snow and Ice Control of Parking Lots, Platforms and Sidewalks (SICOPS)

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Dr. Liping Fu, University of Waterloo (Presenter)
Dr. S M Kamal Hossain, University of Waterloo
Mrs. Faranak Hosseini, University of Waterloo
Mr. Matthew Muresan, University of Waterloo

This paper summarizes the results from a three-year research project entitled “Snow and Ice Control for Parking Lots and Sidewalks (SICOPS)”. The key component of the project is a large scale field experiment on a wide range of strategies, methods and materials used for snow and ice control of transportation facilities, especially parking lots, platforms and sidewalks.  The field tests were conducted at a parking lot and several sidewalks located in the City of Waterloo, Ontario over three winter seasons. Approximately 5000 tests were conducted over nearly 100 winter snow events, covering a large number of treatment combinations in terms of material types, maintenance strategies, and treatment techniques under a wide range of winter weather conditions.  The field data were then analyzed systematically and rigorously using various statistical techniques for generating quantitative information about the effects of various factors on the snow melting performance of different materials, rates and treatment methods. The major outcome of this effort is a decision support tool for the selection of the most appropriate maintenance strategies, materials and application rates to address the specific maintenance needs of any parking lots and sidewalks under any winter events. The project also included an extensive review of relevant literature and a set of comprehensive surveys of facility users, maintenance contractors, and government agencies. This paper highlights the important findings from the project along with a number of recommendations that can help maintenance contractors and government agencies develop a cost-effective winter maintenance program for snow and ice control of parking lots and sidewalks.