2019 CSCE Annual Conference - Laval (Greater Montreal)

2019 CSCE Annual Conference - Laval (Greater Montreal) Conference

Detecting Top-down Cracks in In-Service Flexible Pavements

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Mr. Nirmal Dhakal
Dr. Mostafa Elseifi, Louisiana State University (Presenter)
Mr. Mohammad Bashar

The objective of this study was to establish guidelines to identify top-down cracking in flexible pavements using digital image processing and the characteristics of these cracks. Past studies indicated that the time after construction of the pavement, and location of the cracks are key parameters to identify top-down cracking. The cracks were reported to appear on the wheel path or at the outer edge of the wheel path typically within 3 to 8 years of construction. In-service pavement sections were selected for further analysis based on the parameters identified from the literature and computer-vision techniques were employed on the pavement images to investigate the geometric characteristics of these cracks. Based on the results of the analysis, the average crack width was observed to be 3 to 7 mm; the crack width was found to be 3 to 5 mm in the literature. With respect to the orientation of the crack, the cracks segments were mostly longitudinal with a typical deviation of 20 degrees. The orientation and intensity characteristics of top-down cracks were found as useful features in crack identification.